The Hansen’s crop up to ninety percent of their mixed farm at Coomandook, SA. They grow canola, wheat, barley, lupin, oaten hay and lucerne. There are variable soil types across the 8,500 hectare property. It ranges from red sandy loam over clay and limestone, to deep, infertile, non-wetting sands. Variable soil […]
Category: Strategic Planning
Potassium (K) is being gradually removed from Australia’s cropping soils. Since 2002, average crop yields have increased but K fertiliser use has remained static at around 180 kt K/yr. Soil K reserves declined an average of 4 kg K/ha/yr over the last 20 years. Most cropping paddocks have received no […]
[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gEO0X-TWfyw&w=560&h=315]Large areas of West Australian cropping soils have low potassium (K) reserves. Acidity also constrains most of these soils. Potassium deficiencies have become more widespread with intensive cropping, removal of hay or stubbles, and K fertiliser inputs lower than removal rates.
James Easton is the Field Research Manager with […]
Phosphorus may be over applied in Southern Australian grain farms. A recent survey by IPNI found 80% of paddocks had more P applied than removed over a 3–5 year period. Nutrient Performance Indicators (NPIs) revealed that on average, 0.69 kg P is removed per kg P applied.
Some farms may […]
Many Australian grain paddocks have a nitrogen (N) deficit. Analysis by the IPNI of 2016 data collected from grain growers across the southern region found few growers were in N surplus. On average, at a paddock level 1.14 kg N is removed for each kilogram of N fertiliser applied. These calculations […]
Nutrient performance indicators (NPIs) assess how effective and efficient fertiliser applications have been. Last week we talked about using Partial Factor Productivity (PFP) and Partial Nutrient Balance (PNB) together. Those NPIs give you a good idea if your fertiliser investment was worthwhile, and if your paddock nutrient status is stable […]
Nutrient performance indicators (NPIs) are calculations you can do to assess how effective and efficient fertiliser applications have been. Underusing fertiliser limits crop yield and can draw down soil reserves. Unless building soil reserves, overuse is a waste of money, as excess nutrients can be lost and may cause environmental […]
[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=feCeOrZqzyw&w=560&h=315]Biserrula is proving a beneficial pasture legume for cereal crop rotations in Western Australia. This persistent annual legume can be used to rest and rehabilitate heavily cropped country, and to manage weeds. Used in pasture phases, it can leave plenty of nitrogen available for future crops, and eventually provides good […]
Not enough nitrogen is the most common limit to canola yield. The current key messages on nitrogen (N) for canola crops are:
biomass is the biggest driver of canola yield
low N limits biomass
low biomass limits water and nutrient uptake
canola crops need 80 kg of available N per tonne of grain yield
Grain zinc (Zn) content is important for seedling vigour. Make sure grain Zn levels are adequate if you are saving grain to seed next season’s crop. Retaining seed grown on Zn sufficient paddocks can reduce the risk of Zn deficiency in young crops.
Less than 500 micrograms Zn per seed […]