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Extension is Capacity Building

Capacity Building and Community Engagement is seen as a key development in the contemporary extension space and so is described in more detail as an approach.  This is in the context of recognising the constantly changing conditions in which extension takes place (i.e. changing mix of institutional, cultural, political, technological, […]

Communities of Practice and Social Learning Systems

Communities of Practice (CoPs) is a multi-purpose concept.  As a social learning theory, CoP considers learning in a social context requiring both participation and reification (making something concrete) in order to make learning meaningful. The interplay of participation and reification creates a social history of learning and it is this […]

Agricultural Innovation Systems (AIS)

The Agriculture Innovation System (AIS) is “a network of organisations, enterprises, and individuals focused on bringing new products, new processes, and new forms of organisation into economic use, together with the institutions and policies that affect their behaviour and performance,” (World Bank, 2006:16) that is, the way different agents interact, share, […]

Agricultural Extension and Rural Development: Breaking out of Knowledge Transfer Traditions

Ison and Russell state that traditional first-order R&D (Research to knowledge to transfer to adoption to diffusion) has failed to take the social, political and environmental context (this includes the RD&E practitioner with their thinking and actions) into account when developing solutions.  In other words, the RD&E system is a […]

Stakeholder Analysis Tool

Stakeholder analysis is an important initial step in project work as it is a process that can provide insights into and an understanding of the interactions between a project and its stakeholders.  This tool can identify and prioritise which stakeholders can have impact on the project’s success and is often […]

Extension as a Knowledge System

This model of engagement is based on the ideas of knowledge systems being a series of interrelated functions and processes using terms such as knowledge brokering, knowledge translating, knowledge exchange and knowledge mobilisation.  
In 2012, at a conference hosted by the United Nations University – Institute of Water, Environment and health […]

Farming Systems Research

There are numerous definitions and practices around Farming Systems Research (FSR). However, according to the ACIAR definition of Farming Systems Research it is: 

Research related to the smallholder, subsistence-orientated agriculture sector because this is the principal target group for FSR through ACIAR; 
FSR projects are multidisciplinary and holistic in perspective, therefore projects […]

Agricultural Extension Information and Knowledge as Public and Private Goods

Umali and Schwartz developed a schema that categorises agricultural knowledge and information into an economic classification system. This system denotes the character of the knowledge and information and the degree to which farmers are prepared to pay it.  The categorisation is used to inform the appropriate roles for the public […]