Category: Theory

Webinar – Stimulating Private Sector Extension in Australian Agriculture to Increase Returns from Research and Development

The priority of this project has been to identify practical proposals to stimulate private sector extension services, particularly to fill current gaps. This webinar provides a great opportunity to hear about the projects key findings, the impacts and economics of the project, the potential options going forward and what the […]

Co-innovation, a Way to Accelerate the Pace of Practice Change and Innovation

Co-innovation is a systemic approach used to facilitate and accelerate the pace of practice change and innovation. It has been used to tackle the more complex challenges and opportunities that agriculture is facing.
In this approach the problem or opportunity is put at the centre of the whole process, rather than […]

Design Thinking and Innovation

Design thinking is a five step method for innovating to solve complex (“wicked”) problems and is being used successfully in agricultural extension. It approaches challenges by understanding the needs of users and then developing insights to meet those needs. It proposes that only by contact, observation and empathy with end […]

Stimulating Private Sector Extension in Australian Agriculture to Increase Returns from Research and Development

This ground-breaking project is providing valuable research information and professional development modules to inform and build the capacity of the extension sector in Australia.  A key output is the development of eight professional development modules for early and mid-career advisors and extension professionals:

Social media in agriculture innovation
Targeting farmers? Segmentation and […]

Action Learning

(Image source, Wendy Brooks, 2016)
Action Learning is a theory and process developed by Professor Reg Revans (Revans, 1982). It is an excellent tool and process for Extension Professionals to facilitate groups (Action Learning “sets”) to tackle key problems or tasks that are complex in nature and don’t already have a solution. “Action […]

APEN

The Australasia-Pacific Extension Network (APEN) is the premier professional organisation for extension workers and those interested in extension in the Australasia-Pacific region.
Four hundred Extension Professionals are part of the network and the APEN website is here www.apen.org.au
APEN provides a range of networking and professional development opportunities for Extension Professionals. They […]

What is Extension?

Extension is the practice of transferring information, knowledge or skills that can assist individuals, families, communities, organisations or businesses achieve improved economic, social and environmental outcomes and create positive change. This article provides a brief history of Extension in Australia.
Agricultural extension is as old as the domestication of plants and […]

Experiential Learning

David Kolb synthesised three models to develop key characteristics of experiential learning.
1)    The Lewinian Model
2)    The Dewey Model, and
3)    The Piaget Model
The Lewinian Model of Action Research and Laboratory Training believes learning is an integrated process involving a feedback loop amongst concrete experiences, observations and reflections, formation of abstract concepts […]

Participatory Research, Development and Extension – Sustainable Agriculture

Developed in the 1980s-1990s, Niels Roling argues for sustainable agricultural development practice (RD&E) to involve farmers in the R&D process as collaborators and driving the RD&E agenda, rather than simply being the end-users (i.e. A shift from a directive approach to participatory extension). Otherwise, Roling believed, there will be little change […]